New York City has a restraining municipal ordinance that regulates air guns.  Air forces were previously banned in San Francisco, but a state preemption law lifted the ban, and the San Francisco District Attorney declared them legal as long as they comply with state laws.  One question I get asked all the time is what are the distances to hunt with an air rifle with a legal limit (less than 12 feet/lb). How far away can the quarry be and what is the maximum range to get a clean killing? Some gun stores that sell air guns say 40m as standard. But they may not have direct experience of hunting with an air rifle with a legal limit themselves. And the standard distance of 40 m can be very misleading. In general (if you`re a good shooter), a 12 ft lb air rifle has enough power to hunt small game like rabbits, but we recommend at least a 15 ft. Lb. Air gun, just to be sure. It also depends on how far away your destination is.
Since September 2013, air guns with an initial energy of less than 20 joules (14 ft lbf) can be purchased by anyone over the age of 18, and no license is required. (Previously, the limit was 10 joules.) For air rifles with 20 joules of muzzle energy or more, a hunting licence or club shooting licence is required.   However, hunting or pest control with air rifles is illegal in France.  In New Zealand, any citizen over the age of 18 can own and fire most air rifles without a firearm licence, provided they use the air rifle in a safe environment and with a responsible attitude.  However, I would argue that a true athlete should turn the original question around. Ask yourself, “How close can I get for the shot?” instead of calculating the maximum range of a legal air rifle. High-performance air guns can put more parasites in your pocket, but only when you master shooting with an air pistol legally limited to less than 12 feet/lbs that air rifles can be purchased and owned freely by anyone over the age of 18. Only pistols with an initial energy greater than 7.5 joules (5.5 ft⋅lbf) are not allowed. There is no maximum initial energy limit for rifles. The open wearing of air rifles is not allowed.
The use of air rifles is restricted in non-public places because they are shooting ranges, in a house or backyard that is not easily accessible from the street. In Norway, air rifles can be owned by people over the age of 18 and can be purchased freely as long as the caliber is not higher than 4.5/0.177. There is no limit to the speed or energy of the balls. For larger calibers such as 5.5 and 6.35, a police license is required. This type of licence is easier to obtain than a firearms licence. Hunting with air rifles is not allowed; The target practice is a common reason to apply for a permit. Air rifles with a muzzle velocity greater than 152.4 metres per second (500 feet per second) and a muzzle energy greater than 5.7 joules (4.2 foot-pounds) are firearms within the meaning of the Firearms Act and the Criminal Code.  Typically, the manufacturer`s specifications are used to determine the muzzle velocity and energy of the design. Air rifles that meet these speed and energy criteria are generally classified as non-restricted firearms.
However, some are classified as restricted or prohibited based on the exact design of the air rifle. Air pistols are classified as restricted if their barrel is longer than 105 mm or prohibited if their barrel length is less than or equal to 105 mm. Legal possession of these air rifles requires that the owner have a valid firearm licence and that the air rifle be registered as a firearm. The sparse shock energy provided by a pellet fired by an air rifle means that we usually have to hit our quarry in the upper part of the skull to ensure clean and humane murders. There are a few exceptions – small quarries such as magpies and collared pigeons can be shipped quickly with a blow to the chest, and a blow to the heart and lung area can wipe out larger quarries such as ringed squirrels, crows and grey squirrels if delivered accurately and at right angles. But for the average shooter, head shots are the most reliable option, and I usually stick to the same practice when using FAC-rated air rifles. If you exceed the range limit, you increase the risk of injury instead of killing the quarry, which is unacceptable. Air guns of the first group can be purchased by anyone over the age of 18. Air rifles of the second group can be purchased only by people registered in the army, transport depends on the permit, and use is allowed only in places approved by the army. Air rifles of any kind cannot be worn openly.
There is no muzzle energy limit for each type or caliber.   Paintball markers are classified as “soft air forces” and treated differently from other air rifles; For a breakdown by state, see the “Paintball” section on legality. Paintball markers will be classified as “recreational sports equipment” in New South Wales from 1 July 2019. It is illegal to hunt with air rifles.  Carrying air guns in public is illegal in Italy and is a criminal offence.  Air guns with less than 1 joule of power are considered toys and are not regulated. Air rifles between 1 joule and 7.5 joules are considered low-powered firearms and are therefore quite regulated, but only require ID to buy them. Air rifles over 7.5 joules require a license and are highly regulated. In the Czech Republic, anyone over the age of 18 can buy an air rifle without limiting the initial energy.
Children over the age of 10 must be supervised by an adult when taking photos. The only limit of the shooting range is the requirement of public safety. Since firearms can only be used in officially licensed shooting ranges, air rifles have become popular for practicing target shooting at home or nearby. Q: How do I know if my air rifle has a legal limit and is set below 12 ft/lb in the mouth? Minors over the age of 16 but under the age of 18 need a firearms licence to possess an air rifle – but they are allowed to use an air rifle under the supervision of an adult without this licence. There`s nothing wrong with moving the distance with your air rifle, but shooting at an extreme distance is meant for paper targets, not living quarries. Air guns that generate more than 6 ft·lbf (8.1 J) and air guns that generate more than 12 ft·lbf (16.2 J) of muzzle energy are legally referred to as “particularly dangerous firearms”.  Therefore, possession of these air rifles requires possession of a Firearms Certificate (CBA); However, the possession of such air pistols is prohibited as they are defined as “prohibited weapons” under section 5 of the Firearms Act 1968. (Article 5 authority is normally granted only to members of the arms trade.) Test on the bench above the chronograph to get an idea of the performance of the rifle and cartridge Understanding how your air pistol behaves and your own limitations by continuously practicing the manufacture, use and sale of air forces (air guns and air rifles) in India fall under the 2016 weapons rule, which was applied by a Gazette notice on July 15. Prior to the entry into force of the rule, India did not have a regulatory framework for the manufacture and distribution of air rifles. In the past, even toy stores could sell air forces. Annex I, Category III, Clause f of the Arms Rule, 2016, classified air forces into two categories. Weapons with a muzzle energy greater than 20 joules or a bore of more than 4.5 mm (0.177 inch) belong to category III (f) (i).
Owners of weapons in this category require special licenses for possession and use.